What are Construction Documents?

This stage in the design process is primarily focused on completing a set of drawings and specifications that communicate the design to the contractor. In order for this stage to be completed in a timely and affective manner, the design must be completed. 


Drawing Types: 

Plans – These drawings are views of the project from above and typically have a horizontal “cutting plane” at 4’-5’ above the finished floor. Plans show the layout and configuration of the project and often act as the central hub for the majority of information. The term “Plans” tends to be a catch-all that oftentimes refers to all drawings. 

These drawings include:

Floor Plans, Framing Plans, Reflected Ceiling Plans, and more. 

Sections – Section drawings are views of your project from the front, rear, or side and have a vertical “cutting plane.” Sections are used to communicate how the building is assembled by showing the various components typically hidden from view. 

These drawings include:

Building Sections, Wall Sections, Detail Sections, and more.

Elevations – These are drawings that show the front, rear, or side of the project without a cutting plane. These drawings can be used to communicate exterior and interior finishes and represent the 2D look of the building. 

These drawings include: 

Exterior Elevations, Interior Elevations, Cabinetry Elevations, and more.

3D Renderings – These are 3D drawings showing various views of the project. It is common to find photorealistic representations of projects that give you a better sense of the finishes and vision of the project. You may also find more diagrammatic renderings that communicate the shape or idea of the project. 3D Renderings are typically provided as an additional service.

These drawings include: 

Interior Renderings, Exterior Renderings, Clay Renderings, and more

Schedules – These are tables found in the drawings that list various information about specific products. Schedules act as a link between the drawings and the specifications. 

These include: Window Schedules, Door Schedules, Finish Schedules, and more.


Specifications are created in combination with the drawings to communicate specific product selections and installation requirements required by the product manufacturer. 

Want to know more about Construction Drawings? 
Checkout our blog posts and YouTube posts below.